Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae > Order Halichondrida > Family Heteroxyidae > Genus Halicnemia

Halicnemia patera Bowerbank, 1864

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

HalicnemiaBowerbank, 1864accepted genus name
Naenia Gray, 1867 synonym


original description

Bowerbank, J.S. 1864a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae.Volume 1. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-290, pls I-XXXVII.

additional source

Cruz, T. 2002. Esponjas marinas de Canarias. Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias, S/C Tenerife. 260 pp.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 1993a. Affinities of the Marine Demospongiae Fauna of the Cape Verde Islands and Tropical West Africa. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 159: 205-219.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (24 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection
GenBank (4 nucleotides; 1 proteins)


van Soest, R. (2014). Halicnemia patera Bowerbank, 1864. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132539




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

Provided by

logo erms



Last modified

2007-08-21 by Rob van Soest

Your feedback

click here

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Your e-mail address:

Your message: