Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae

Halichondrida Gray, 1867

Rank: Order
Taxon Status: accepted


Axinellidae Carter, 1875
Bubaridae Topsent, 1894
Dictyonellidae van Soest, Diaz & Pomponi, 1990
Halichondriidae Gray, 1867
Heteroxyidae Dendy, 1905
Scopalinidae Morrow, Picton, Erpenbeck, Boury-Esnault, Maggs & Allcock, 2012


original description

Gray, J.E. 1867a. Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII.

basis of record

Van Soest, R.W.M.; Hooper, J.N.A. 2002. Order Halichondrida Gray, 1867. Pp. 721-723. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103



External Links



van Soest, R. (2014). Halichondrida. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131596




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2007-07-26 by Rob van Soest

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