Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera

Calcarea Bowerbank, 1862

Rank: Class
Taxon Status: accepted


Calcaronea Bidder, 1898
Calcinea Bidder, 1898

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Dutch: kalksponzen sources: Hayward, P.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1999). Gids van kust en strand: flora en fauna [Coast and beach guide: flora and fauna]. Tirion: Baarn, Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-327-5. 352, ill. pp.
 English: calcareous sponges
 English-United States: calcareous sponges sources: Charles Hussey
 Swedish: kalksvampar


original description

Bowerbank, J.S. 1862a. On the Anatomy and Physiology of the Spongiadae. Part II. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 152(2): 747-829, pls XXVII-XXXV.

original description

Bowerbank, J.S. 1864a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae.Volume 1. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-290, pls I-XXXVII.

basis of record

Manuel, M.; Borojevic, R.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Vacelet, J. (2002). Class Calcarea Bowerbank, 1864, in: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. pp. 1103-1110

additional source

Manuel,M. 2006. Phylogeny and evolution of calcareous sponges. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84: 225–241



External Links



van Soest, R. (2014). Calcarea. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:559




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2012-07-29 by Rob van Soest

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