Higher Classification: > Kingdom Chromista > Subkingdom Harosa > Infrakingdom Heterokonta > Phylum Ochrophyta > Subphylum Khakista > Class Bacillariophyceae > Subclass Bacillariophycidae > Superorder Bacillariophycanae > Order Bacillariales > Family Bacillariaceae > Genus Pseudo-nitzschia

Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries (Hasle) Hasle, 1995

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

Pseudo-nitzschiaH.Peragallo, 1900accepted genus name

Species group names

Nitzschia pungens f. multiseries Hasle, 1965 basionym
Nitzschia pungens f. multiseries Hasle, 1965 synonym
Pseudo-nitzschia pungens f. multiseries Hasle, 1993 synonym


original description

Hasle G.R. 1965. Nitzschia and Fragilariopsis species studied in the light and electron microscopes. II. The group Pseudonitzschia. Skrifter utgitt av Det norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse, Ny serie, 18, 45 pp.

basis of record

Hällfors, G. (2004). Checklist of Baltic Sea Phytoplankton Species (including some heterotrophic protistan groups). Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings No. 95: 210 pp.

additional source

Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae.

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Tomas, C.R. (Ed.) (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp.

additional source

Subba Rao D.V., Quilliam J.L.C. & Pocklington R.G. 1988. Domoic acid – a neurotoxic amino acid produced by the marine diatom Nitzschia pungens in culture. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45: 2076-2079

additional source

Bates S.S., Bird C.J., de Freitas A.S.W., Foxall R., Gilgan M.W., Hanic L.A., Johnson G.E., McCulloch A.W., Odense P., Pocklington R.G., Quilliam M.A., Sim P.G., Smith J.C., Subba Rao D.V., Todd E.C.D., Walter J.A. & Wright J.L.C. 1989. Pennate diatom Nitzschia pungens as the primary source of domoic acid, a toxin in shellfish fram Eastern Prince Edward Island, Canada. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 46: 1203-1215.

additional source

Douglas D.J. & Bates S.S. 1992. Production of domoic acid, a neurotoxic amino acid, by an axenic culture of the marine diatom Nitzschia pungens f. multiseries Hasle. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 85-90.

additional source

Krayesky, D. M., E. Meave del Castillo, E. Zamudio, J. N. Norris, and S. Fredericq. 2009. Diatoms (Bacillariophyta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 155–186 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M

additional source

Harper, M.A.; Cassie Cooper, V.; Chang, F.H.; Nelson, W.A.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Ochrophyta: brown and golden-brown algae, diatoms, silicoflagellates, and kin, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 114-163.

additional source


new combination reference

Hasle G.R. 1995. Pseudo-nizschia pungens and P. multiseries (Bacillariophyceae): nomenclatural history, morphology and distribution. J. Phycol. 31: 428-435.




Published in AlgaeBase

External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (3 publications)
Barcode of Life
GenBank (3620 nucleotides; 83 proteins)


WoRMS (2014). Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries (Hasle) Hasle, 1995. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:175738




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




no data

Provided by

logo erms



Last modified

2008-11-21 by Øjvind Moestrup

Your feedback

click here

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Your e-mail address:

Your message: