Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae > Order Hadromerida > Family Polymastiidae > Genus Polymastia

Polymastia penicillus (Montagu, 1814)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PolymastiaBowerbank, 1864accepted genus name
Rinalda Schmidt, 1870 synonym

Species group names

Euplectella mammillaris (Mueller, 1806) basionym
Spongia penicillus Montagu, 1814 basionym
Euplectella mammillaris (Mueller, 1806) synonym
Spongia penicillus Montagu, 1814 synonym


original description

Montagu, G. 1814. An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.

basis of record

Morrow, C.; Boury-Esnault, N. 2000. Redescription of the type species of the genus Polymastia Bowerbank, 1864 (Porifera,Demospongiae, Hadromerida). Zoosystema 22(2): 327-335.

additional source

Boury-Esnault, N. 2002. Family Polymastiidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 201-219. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).

additional source

Boury-Esnault, N. 1974. Structure et ultrastructure des papilles d'éponges du genre Polymastia Bowerbank. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale & générale, 115(1), 141-165

additional source

Stone, S. M., Boardley, E., and Gill, M. 1987 Field characteristics of some conspicuous sublittoral sponges from Roaringwater Bay, County Cork, Ireland. in European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges, Jones W.C. (ed.). Publications of the Sherkin island marine station, 1: 130-140

additional source

Boury-Esnault, N. 1987. The Polymastia species (Demosponges, Hadromerida) of the Atlantic Area. Pp. 29-66. In: Vacelet, J. & Boury-Esnault, N. (Eds), Taxonomy of Porifera from the N.E. Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. NATO ASI Series G 13. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg): 1-332.

additional source

Levinsen, G.M.R. 1887. Kara-Havets Svampe (Porifera). Dijmphna-Togtets zoologisk-botaniske Udbytte 1: 339-372, pls XXIX-XXXI.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (6 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection
GenBank (3 nucleotides; 0 proteins)


van Soest, R. (2014). Polymastia penicillus (Montagu, 1814). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:170654




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2014-02-16 by Rob van Soest

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