Higher Classification: > Kingdom Chromista > Subkingdom Harosa > Infrakingdom Heterokonta > Phylum Ochrophyta > Subphylum Khakista > Class Bacillariophyceae > Subclass Bacillariophycidae > Superorder Bacillariophycanae > Order Bacillariales > Family Bacillariaceae > Genus Pseudo-nitzschia

Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Grunow ex Cleve) G.R.Hasle, 1993

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

Pseudo-nitzschiaH.Peragallo, 1900accepted genus name

Species group names

Nitzschia pungens Grunow ex Cleve, 1897 basionym
Nitzschia pungens Grunow ex Cleve, 1897 synonym


original description

Grunow in Cleve P.T. & Möller J.D. 1882. Diatoms. 6. Part, no. 277-324, 1-6. Upsala.

additional source


additional source

Hällfors, G. (2004). Checklist of Baltic Sea Phytoplankton Species (including some heterotrophic protistan groups). Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings No. 95: 210 pp.

additional source

Rhodes L., White D., Syhre M. & Atkinson M. 1996. Pseudo-nitzschia species isolated from New Zealand coastal waters: domoic acid production in vivo and links with shellfish toxicity. In: Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms (Ed. by T. Yasumoto, Y. Oshima & Y. Fukuyo), pp. 155-158. IOC, UNESCO, Paris.

additional source

Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae.

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Tomas, C.R. (Ed.) (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp.

additional source

Bates S.S., Garrison D.L. & Horner R.A. 1998. Bloom dynamics and physiology of domoic-acid-producing Pseudo-nitzschia species. In: Physiological Ecology of Harmful Algal Blooms (Ed. by D.M. Anderson, A.D. Cembella & G. Hallegraeff), pp. 267-292. Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.

additional source

Krayesky, D. M., E. Meave del Castillo, E. Zamudio, J. N. Norris, and S. Fredericq. 2009. Diatoms (Bacillariophyta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 155–186 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M

additional source

Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp.

additional source

Harper, M.A.; Cassie Cooper, V.; Chang, F.H.; Nelson, W.A.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Ochrophyta: brown and golden-brown algae, diatoms, silicoflagellates, and kin, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 114-163.

new combination reference

Hasle G. 1993. Nomenclatural notes on marine planktonic diatoms. The family Bacillariaceae. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 106: 315-321.




Published in AlgaeBase

External Links

Barcode of Life
Biodiversity Heritage Library (2 publications)
GenBank (378 nucleotides; 12 proteins)


WoRMS (2014). Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Grunow ex Cleve) G.R.Hasle, 1993. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:160528




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Last modified

2008-11-21 by Øjvind Moestrup

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