Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Anseriformes > Family Anatidae > Genus Cygnus

Cygnus olor (Gmelin, 1789)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

CygnusBartram, 1791accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: mjellma me xhungë sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): knoppsvane sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Ням лебед sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: knopsvane sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: knobbelzwaan
 English: mute swan sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Mute Swan sources: Charles Hussey
 French: cygne tuberculé sources: Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 Gaelic: eala bhalbh sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Eala bhalbh
 German: Höckerschwan sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Κοινός Κύκνος sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Irish: Eala bhalbh sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Israel (Hebrew): ברבור מצוי sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: cigno reale sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: gulbė nebylė sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: knoppsvane sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: knoppsvane sources: Syst. Nat. 1 pt 2 p. 501
 Norwegian Nynorsk: knoppsvane sources: Syst. Nat. 1 pt 2 p. 501
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): knoppsvane sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: łabędź niemy sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: lebăda de vară sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: лебедь-шипун sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: labod grbec sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: cisne vulgar sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: knölsvan sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: kugu; kuğu sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Лебідь-шипун sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: alarch dof

Literature

basis of record

ITIS database

basis of record

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

basis of record

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

basis of record

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

basis of record

University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Worthy, T. (2009). Aves (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2011). Cygnus olor (Gmelin, 1789). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:159090

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


not marine, fresh

Importance

EU Birds Directive:
Annex II/B 2009This species may be hunted under national legislation, as long as it does not jeopardise conservation efforts in their distribution area, and only in the Member States in respect of which they are indicated in the Directive, according to Annex II/B of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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Last modified

2011-04-27 by Peter Adriaens

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