Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Actinopterygii > Order Cypriniformes > Family Cyprinidae > Genus Cyprinus

Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

CyprinusLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: krapi; krapuliq; lakeç; pendëkuqi sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): karpe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Див шаран sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: karpe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: karper sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English: carp; common carp sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Common Carp sources: Charles Hussey
 French: carpe sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 Greek: Κυπρίνος sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Israel (Hebrew): קרפיון מצוי sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: carpa sources: de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.
 Lithuanian: karpis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: karpe
 Norwegian Nynorsk: karpe
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): karpe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: karp sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: crap sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: или обыкновенный карп; Карп обыкновенный; сазан sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine
 Slovenian: krap sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: carpa sources: de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.
 Swedish: karp sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: sazan sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Звичайний сазан; Короп європейський; Короп звичайний sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine
 Welsh: cerpyn

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

Eschmeyer, W.: Catalog of fishes; California Academy of Sciences, department Ichtyology.

additional source

Fishbase

additional source

Roberts, C.; Stewart, A.; Francis, M. (2009). Marine fishes (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

additional source

Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2011). Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758. In: Nicolas Bailly (2011). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:154582

Dr Jorg Freyhof. Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=304457

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


not marine, brackish, fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

IUCN:
Red List status VU 2008This species is vulnerable and is considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Provided by

logo erms

GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:154582
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:304457

Last modified

2008-01-15 by Dr Jorg Freyhof & by Nicolas Bailly

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