Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Bivalvia > Subclass Heterodonta > Infraclass Euheterodonta > Order Veneroida > Superfamily Veneroidea > Family Veneridae > Genus Irus

Irus irus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

IrusF. C. Schmidt, 1818accepted genus name

Species group names

Donax irus Linnaeus, 1758 basionym
Cuneus foliatus da Costa, 1778 synonym
Donax irus Linnaeus, 1758 synonym
Pectunculus truncatus da Costa, 1778 synonym
Tellina cornubiensis Pennant, 1777 synonym
Venerupis irus (Linnaeus, 1758) synonym
Venerupis irus var. barrensis de Gregorio, 1889 synonym
Venerupis irus var. bicolor Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1893 synonym
Venerupis irus var. crebrilamellata Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1893 synonym
Venerupis irus var. flava Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1893 synonym
Venerupis irus var. geographica Monterosato, 1917 synonym
Venerupis irus var. rosea Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1893 synonym
Venerupis irus var. tricolor Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1893 synonym
Venerupis irusianus Locard, 1892 synonym


basis of record

Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213

additional source

Ardovini, R.; Cossignani, T. (2004). West African seashells (including Azores, Madeira and Canary Is.) = Conchiglie dell'Africa Occidentale (incluse Azzorre, Madeira e Canarie). English-Italian edition. L'Informatore Piceno: Ancona, Italy. ISBN 88-86070-11-X. 319 pp.

additional source

Zamouri-Langar, N.; Chouba, L.; Ajjabi Chebil, L.; Mrabet, R.; El Abed, A. (2011). Les coquillages bivalves des côtes tunisiennes. Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer: Salammbô. ISBN 978-9938-9512-0-2. 128 pp.

additional source

Gofas, S.; Afonso, J.P.; Brandào, M. (Ed.). (S.a.). Conchas e Moluscos de Angola = Coquillages et Mollusques d'Angola. [Shells and molluscs of Angola]. Universidade Agostinho / Elf Aquitaine Angola: Angola. 140 pp.

additional source

Kilburn, R.N. & Rippey, E. (1982) Sea Shells of Southern Africa. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg, xi + 249 pp.

additional source

Huber M. (2010) Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM.

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.





External Links

GenBank (2 nucleotides; 0 proteins)
Biodiversity Heritage Library (5 publications)


Rosenberg, G.; Gofas, S. (2014). Irus irus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141917




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, brackish


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Last modified

2012-07-07 by Gary Rosenberg

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