Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Gastropoda > Subclass Caenogastropoda > Order Neogastropoda > Superfamily Muricoidea > Family Muricidae > Subfamily Rapaninae > Genus Stramonita

Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

StramonitaSchumacher, 1817accepted genus name

Species group names

Buccinum haemastoma Linnaeus, 1767 basionym
Buccinum haemastoma Linnaeus, 1767 synonym
Murex consul Gmelin, 1791 synonym
Purpura barcinonensis Hidalgo, 1867 synonym
Purpura gigantea Calcara, 1840 synonym
Purpura haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) synonym
Purpura haemastoma var. bifasciata Kiener, 1835 synonym
Purpura haemastoma var. cornuta Philippi, 1844 synonym
Purpura haemastoma var. gracilior Kobelt, 1887 synonym
Purpura haemastoma var. minor Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882 synonym
Purpura haemastoma var. nodulosa Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882 synonym
Purpura oceanica Locard, 1886 synonym
Purpura unifascialis Lamarck, 1816 synonym
Stramonita haemastoma haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: kërmilli buzëkuq kokërrizor sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Greek: Πορφύρα


basis of record

Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213

additional source

Claremont M., Vermeij G.J., Williams S.T. & Reid D.G. (2013) Global phylogeny and new classification of the Rapaninae (Gastropoda: Muricidae), dominant molluscan predators on tropical rocky seashores. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 91–102. [Published online 28 September 2012; Code-compliant paper version published January 2013]

additional source

Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. 2009. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 579–699 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

taxonomy source

Claremont M., Williams S.T., Barraclough T.G. & Reid D.G. (2011) The geographic scale of speciation in a marine snail with high dispersal potential. Journal of Biogeography 38: 1016-1032.





External Links

Barcode of Life
Biodiversity Heritage Library (14 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection
GenBank (148 nucleotides; 49 proteins)


Houart, R.; Gofas, S. (2014). Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140417




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




Red List status DD 2006This species is data deficient, there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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Last modified

2009-06-04 by Roland Houart

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