Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Polyplacophora > Subclass Neoloricata > Order Chitonida > Suborder Acanthochitonina > Superfamily Mopalioidea > Family Mopaliidae > Subfamily Mopaliinae > Genus Tonicella

Tonicella rubra (Linnaeus, 1767)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

TonicellaCarpenter, 1873accepted genus name

Species group names

Chiton ruber Linnaeus, 1767 basionym
Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) synonym
Chiton incarnatus Reeve, 1848 synonym
Chiton latus Leach, 1852 synonym
Chiton minimus Spengler, 1797 synonym
Chiton ruber Linnaeus, 1767 synonym
Chiton ruber var. oblonga Jeffreys, 1865 synonym
Tonicella rubra var. index Balch, 1906 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): rødleddsnegl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: rød skallus sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English: northern red chiton sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 French: chiton rouge du Nord sources: Bousfield, E.L. 1964. Coquillages des cotes canadiennes de l'Atlantique. > Musée national du Canada, Ottawa. 89 p.
 German: rote Käferschnecke sources: Unterwasser-Welt Ostsee
 Norwegian: rødleddsnegl sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: rødleddsnegl sources: Systema naturae ed. 12: 1107.
 Norwegian Nynorsk: marmorleddsnigel sources: Systema naturae ed. 12: 1107.
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): marmorleddsnigel sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: Linnés ledsnäcka


basis of record

Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 2): 533-1327





External Links

Barcode of Life
Biodiversity Heritage Library (13 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection
GenBank (6 nucleotides; 6 proteins)


Gofas, S. (2014). Tonicella rubra (Linnaeus, 1767). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140152




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




no data

Provided by

logo erms



Last modified

2004-12-21 by Serge Gofas

Your feedback

click here

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Your e-mail address:

Your message: