Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Bivalvia > Subclass Heterodonta > Infraclass Euheterodonta > Order Veneroida > Superfamily Cardioidea > Family Cardiidae > Subfamily Cardiinae > Genus Acanthocardia

Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AcanthocardiaJ.E. Gray, 1851accepted genus name
Acanthocardia (Rudicardium) Coen, 1915 synonym

Species group names

Cardium bullatum Locard, 1892 later homonym
Acanthocardia mucronata (Poli, 1791) synonym
Cardium bullatum Locard, 1892 synonym
Cardium deshayesii Payraudeau, 1826 synonym
Cardium duregnei Monterosato, 1891 synonym
Cardium echinatum Linnaeus, 1758 synonym
Cardium echinatum var. expansa Jeffreys, 1864 synonym
Cardium echinatum var. ovata Jeffreys, 1864 synonym
Cardium flexuosum Gmelin, 1791 synonym
Cardium mucronatum Poli, 1791 synonym
Cardium novum Coen, 1941 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): pigghjerteskjell sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: pigget hjertemusling sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: gedoornde hartschelp sources: Hayward, P.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1999). Gids van kust en strand: flora en fauna [Coast and beach guide: flora and fauna]. Tirion: Baarn, Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-327-5. 352, ill. pp.
 English: prickly cockle sources: Hayward, P.J.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1996). Collins pocket guide: sea shore of Britain and Europe. Collins pocket guides. Harper-Collins Publishers: London, UK. ISBN 0-00-219955-6. 352 pp.
 English-United States: Prickly Cockle sources: Charles Hussey
 German: dornige Herzmuschel; stachelige Herzmuschel sources: Unterwasser-Welt Ostsee;Lindner, G. (1999). Schelpengids: schelpen uit de wereldzeeën, vorm, voorkomen, systematiek [The shell guide: shells from the world oceans, shape, distribution and systematics]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-409-3. 320 pp.
 Greek: Κόκκινη μεθύστρα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: pigghjerteskjell sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: pigghjerteskjell sources: Systema Naturae ed. 10: 679
 Norwegian Nynorsk: pigghjarteskjel sources: Systema Naturae ed. 10: 679
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): pigghjarteskjel


original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213

additional source

Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (Ed.) (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp.

additional source

Zamouri-Langar, N.; Chouba, L.; Ajjabi Chebil, L.; Mrabet, R.; El Abed, A. (2011). Les coquillages bivalves des côtes tunisiennes. Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer: Salammbô. ISBN 978-9938-9512-0-2. 128 pp.

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (3 publications)
Barcode of Life (1 barcode)
GenBank (8 nucleotides; 1 proteins)


ter Poorten, J.; Gofas, S. (2014). Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138992




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2012-11-30 by Jan Johan ter Poorten

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