Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Bivalvia > Subclass Pteriomorphia > Order Arcoida > Superfamily Arcoidea > Family Arcidae > Genus Bentharca

Bentharca asperula (Dall, 1881)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

BentharcaVerrill & Bush, 1898accepted genus name

Species group names

Arca endemica Dall, 1908 synonym
Arca profundicola Verrill & Smith in Verrill, 1885 synonym
Arca pteroessa E. A. Smith, 1885 synonym
Macrodon asperulus Dall, 1881 synonym


basis of record

Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213

additional source

Spencer, H.G.; Marshall, B.A.; Maxwell, P.A.; Grant-Mackie, J.A.; Stilwell, J.D.; Willan, R.C.; Campbell, H.J.; Crampton, J.S.; Henderson, R.A.; Bradshaw, M.A.; Waterhouse, J.B.; Pojeta, J. Jr (2009). Phylum Mollusca: chitons, clams, tusk shells, snails, squids, and kin, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 161-254.

additional source

Turgeon, D. D., W. G. Lyons, P. Mikkelsen, G. Rosenberg, and F. Moretzsohn. 2009. Bivalvia (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 711–744 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, Colleg

additional source

Huber M. (2010) Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM.


Coan E.V. & Valentich-Scott P. (2012) Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection
Biodiversity Heritage Library (4 publications)


Gofas, S. (2014). Bentharca asperula (Dall, 1881). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138801




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Last modified

2004-12-21 by Serge Gofas

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