Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Charadriiformes > Family Sternidae > Genus Chlidonias

Chlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Original genus

Sterna Linnaeus, 1758

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

ChlidoniasRafinesque, 1822accepted genus name

Species group names

Sterna niger Linnaeus, 1758 objective synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: dallëndyshja e detit e zezë sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): svartterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: Черна рибарка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: sortterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: zwarte stern sources: Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: black tern sources: Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.
 English-United States: Black Tern sources: Charles Hussey
 French: guifette noire sources: Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 Gaelic: geabhróg dhubh sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Geabhróg dhubh
 German: Trauer-Seeschwalbe sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Μαυρογλάρονο sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Irish: Geabhróg dhubh sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Israel (Hebrew): מרומית שחורה; שחפית שחורה )"מרומית שחורה"( sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: mignattino sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: juodoji žuvėdra sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: svartterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: svartterne sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 137
 Norwegian Nynorsk: svartterne sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 137
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): svartterne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: rybitwa czarna sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: chirighiţa neagră sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: черная крачка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: črna čigra sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: fumarel común sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: svarttärna sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: kara sumru sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Крячок чорний sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: cors-wennol ddu

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

basis of record

Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2012). Chlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137137

Drs Cees Roselaar. Chlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96967

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, fresh

Importance

EU Birds Directive:
Annex I 2009This species is the subject of special conservation measures concerning their habitat in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their area of distribution, according to Annex I of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137137
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:96967

Last modified

2011-04-08 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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