Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Charadriiformes > Family Alcidae > Genus Alca

Alca torda Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AlcaLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): alke sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: alk sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: alk sources: Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: razorbill sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Razorbill sources: Charles Hussey
 French: petit pingouin; pingouin macroptère; pingouin torda sources: Avibase - the world bird database;De Coninck, L. A. P. (1938): Scientific results of Prof. Dr. P. Van Oye's expedition in Iceland. II observations ornithologiques. Biol. Jb. Dodonaea 5: 234-264;Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.
 Gaelic: crosán sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Crosán
 German: Tordalk sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.
 Greek: Άλκα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Irish: Crosán sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Israel (Hebrew): אלקה sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: alka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: alke sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 130
 Norwegian Nynorsk: alke sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 130
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): alke sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: alka; alka krzywonosa sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: гагарка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: njorka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: alca común sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: tordmule sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: ustura gaga sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Гагарка sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: llurs

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p.

additional source

Vanderperren, J.-P. (1991). Report Natural History Archive 1990 [Verslag Natuurhistorisch Archief 1990]. De Strandvlo 11(3): 65-75

additional source

Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2011). Alca torda Linnaeus, 1758. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137128

Drs Cees Roselaar. Alca torda Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96975

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

Provided by

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137128
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:96975

Last modified

2011-04-08 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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