Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Cetartiodactyla > Suborder Cetancodonta > Infraorder Cetacea > Superfamily Odontoceti > Family Physeteridae > Genus Physeter

Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PhyseterLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Species group names

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Afrikaans: potvis
 Albanian: kashalot
 Aleutian: adagig; aggadakhgik
 Arabic: anbar
 Balochi: bahran
 Catalan: catxalot
 Croatian: ulješura
 Czech: vorvaň obrovský; vorvaň tuponosý
 Danish: kaskelot; spermacethval
 Dutch: kaizilot; potvisch
 English: chocolate whale; spermacet whale; trompe whale; trumpo
 English-United States: Sperm Whale sources: Charles Hussey
 French: cachalot; cachalot à dents en faucille; cachalot à dents pointues
 Georgian: chigat
 German: Pottfisch
 Greek: fysitiras
 Greenlandic: kegutilik; kigitulik
 Icelandic: búrhvalur; tweld-hval
 Indonesian: paus lodan
 Israel (Hebrew): roshtan
 Italian: capodoglio; cascialotto; fisetere; organante
 Japanese: makko kujira
 Kalaallisut: kegutilik; kigitulik
 Korean: hyang-gorae
 Koryak: koiapchak
 Lithuanian: kašalotas sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Malagasi: trozona amam-taimbo; trozona be loha
 Maltese: gabdoll
 Norwegian: bardhvalur; burdhvalur; burr-hval; huns-hval; kascelot; kaskelot; knobbe-herre; potfisk; spermhval; storhufd; sue-hval
 Polish: olbrotowick; potwal olbrotowiec sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: cachalote
 Russian: bolshoi plavun; kashalot; spermatsetovyi kit; wolkmorskoi
 Sindhi: bahran
 Spanish, Castillian: ballena esperma; cachalote; chacalote; fiseter; guapo
 Swedish: pottfisk
 Tamil: ratchatha thimingalam
 Thai: plawan huathui
 Turkish: ispermeçet; íspermeçet; İspermeçet; ispermecet balinasi; İspermecet balinası; kasalot sources: Turkish PESI focal point;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: morfil sberm


original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

additional source

Perrin, W. F., B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

Rice, D. W. 1998. Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4.

additional source

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 246:1--259.

additional source

King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (653 publications)
Barcode of Life (1 barcode)


Perrin, W. (2014). Physeter macrocephalus. In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137119




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Last modified

2009-01-07 by William Perrin

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