Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Cetartiodactyla > Suborder Cetancodonta > Infraorder Cetacea > Superfamily Mysticeti > Family Eschrichtiidae > Genus Eschrichtius

Eschrichtius robustus (Lilljeborg, 1861)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

EschrichtiusGray, 1864accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Aleutian: chikakhluk
 Chukchi (Louravetlany): kentaen
 Czech: plejtvákovec šedý
 Danish: gråhval
 Dutch: grijze walvis; grijze walvisch; knabbelvisch sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English: California gray whale; devilfish; gray whale; grey whale; mussel digger; rip sack; scrag whale; summer whale sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS);Shirihai, H. 2002 A complete guide to Antarctic Wildlife: the Birds and Marine Mammals of the Antarctic Continent and the Southern Ocean Alula Press FI 510 pp
 Flemish: grijze walvis
 French: baleine à six bosses; baleine grise
 German: Grauwal; Knotenfisch sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Γκρίζα φάλαινα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: balena grigia sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Japanese: koku kujira
 Lithuanian: pilkasis banginis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: gråhval; Kaliforniske graahval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: pływacz sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: baleia cinzenta
 Russian: kaliforniiskii kit; seryy kit; серый кит sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: sivi kit sources: Davorin Tome
 Spanish, Castillian: ballena gris
 Turkish: gri balina sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Кит сірий; Сірий кит sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Yupik: angtuchhaq; antokhak

Literature

original description

Lilljeborg. (1861). Forh. Skand. Naturf. Ottende Møde, Kopenhagen (1860), 8.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web.

additional source

Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008.

additional source

Perrin, W. F., B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Rice, D. W. 1998. Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4.

additional source

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 246:1--259.

Genbank

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External Links

Link To GBIF

Citation

Perrin, W. (2011). Eschrichtius robustus (Lilljeborg, 1861). In: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137112

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

CITES:
appendix 1 This species is listed on the CITES Appendix I which means it is threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research.
EU Habitat Directive:
annex IV EU Habitat Directive Annex IV: Species of community interest in need of strict protection.
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2008This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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Last modified

2008-08-20 by William Perrin

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