Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Cetartiodactyla > Suborder Cetancodonta > Infraorder Cetacea > Superfamily Mysticeti > Family Balaenopteridae > Genus Balaenoptera

Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

BalaenopteraLacépède, 1804accepted genus name

Species group names

Balaenoptera musculus Van Beneden & Gervais, 1880 synonym

Children

Balaenoptera physalus physalus Tomilin, 1946

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Aleutian: mangidadakh; mangidakh
 Arabic: harcul chaii
 Bokmål (Norwegian): finnhval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: finvаl; Финвал sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Chukchi (Louravetlany): nilchoken biuu; niltkhokkein uiiut
 Croatian: veliki kit
 Czech: plejtvák myšok
 Danish: finhval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: gewone vinvis; gewoone vinnvisch; vinvis; vinvisch
 English: common finback whale; common finwhale; common rorqual; fin whale; finback whale; finner; herring whale; razor back sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Fin Whale sources: Charles Hussey
 French: baleine américaine; rorqual commun; vraie baleine sources: Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 German: Finnfisch; Finnwal; Schnabelwal
 Greek: pterofálaina; Πτεροφάλαινα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greenlandic: keporkarnak
 Icelandic: finnhvaler; furehvaler; hunfubaks; langreydur; sildrek
 Israel (Hebrew): livyatan matzui; לווייתן מצוי; לויתן מצוי sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: balenottera comune; balenottera fisallo; rorqual comune; rorquallo; rorqualo
 Japanese: nagasu kujira
 Koryak: vapakylichan
 Lapp: reider
 Lithuanian: finvalas sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Maltese: baliena mbacca sources: SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION 435.57 - Marine Mammals Protection Regulations. Malta. 12th August, 2003
 Norwegian: finefisk; finhval; finnhval; loddehval; sildehval; sildrör; stor-hval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: finnhval sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:75
 Norwegian Nynorsk: finnkval sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:75
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): finnkval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: finwal sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: baleia-comum; baleia-fina
 Russian: finval; nastoiashchiy polosatik; obyknovennyi polosatik; seldianoi polosatik; сельдяной кит; финвал sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: brazdasti kit sources: Davorin Tome
 Spanish, Castillian: ballena boba; ballena de aleta; rorcual común
 Swedish: finnfisk; rörval; sillhval; sillval
 Turkish: fin balinasi; fin balinası; uzun balina sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Фінвал sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: morfil asgellog llwyd sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Yupik: tykyshkok

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008.

additional source

Perrin, W. F., B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

King, C. (2009). Terrestrial mammals (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

additional source

Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p.

additional source

Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p.

additional source

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 246:1--259.

additional source

Rice, D.W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4:1--231/

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Genbank

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External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF

Citation

Perrin, W. (2012). Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137091

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

CITES:
appendix 1 This species is listed on the CITES Appendix I which means it is threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research.
EU Habitat Directive:
annex IV EU Habitat Directive Annex IV: Species of community interest in need of strict protection.
IUCN:
Red List status EN 2008This species is endangered and is considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Red List status EN 2008This species is endangered and is considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
OSPAR:
annex All This species is threatened and/or declining in the entire North-East Atlantic according to the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.

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Last modified

2008-08-20 by William Perrin

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