Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Mammalia > Subclass Theria > Order Cetartiodactyla > Suborder Cetancodonta > Infraorder Cetacea > Superfamily Mysticeti > Family Balaenopteridae > Genus Balaenoptera

Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

BalaenopteraLacépède, 1804accepted genus name

Children

Balaenoptera musculus musculus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Aleutian: abugulikh; omgolia
 Bokmål (Norwegian): blåhval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Bulgarian: sin kit; Син кит sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Chukchi (Louravetlany): akhvorkhrikh; tnmerken-uiiut
 Czech: plejtvák obrovský
 Danish: blåhval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: blauwe vinvis; blauwe vinvisch
 English: blue rorqual; blue whale; great blue whale; great northern rorqual; Ostende whale; Sibbald's rorqual; sulphurbottom whale sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English-United States: Blue Whale sources: Charles Hussey
 French: baleine bleue; baleine d'Ostend; baleine jubarte; rorqual bleu; rorqual de Sibbald
 German: Blauwal; Riesenwal; Schanelwal sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Γαλάζια φάλαινα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greenlandic: tunnolik
 Icelandic: hrefna; steypireydr
 Israel (Hebrew): לויתן ענק sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: balenottera azzurra sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Japanese: siro nagasu kujira
 Lithuanian: mėlynasis banginis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: blaahval; blåhval; heipe-reydur; rörqual sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: blåhval sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:76
 Norwegian Nynorsk: blåkval sources: Systema Naturae, 10th ed., 1:76
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): blåkval sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: płetwal błękitny sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: baleia azul
 Russian: blyuval; bolshoi polosatik; goluboi kit; sinii kit; кит синий sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: sinji kit sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: ballena azul; rorcual azul sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: blaval; jattenhval; muskel finnfisk
 Turkish: gök balina; gök balinası sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Кит синій; Синій кит; Смугастик Брайда sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: morfil asgellog glas sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Yupik: takerrkak; takyshkok

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web.

additional source

Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008.

additional source

Perrin, W. F., B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

additional source

King, C. (2009). Terrestrial mammals (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

additional source

Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p.

additional source

Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Rice, D. W. 1998. Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4.

additional source

Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of living whales. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 246:1--259.

Genbank

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External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF

Citation

Perrin, W. (2012). Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Perrin, W.F. World Cetacea Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137090

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

CITES:
appendix 1 This species is listed on the CITES Appendix I which means it is threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research.
EU Habitat Directive:
annex IV EU Habitat Directive Annex IV: Species of community interest in need of strict protection.
IUCN:
Red List status EN 2008This species is endangered and is considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
OSPAR:
annex All This species is threatened and/or declining in the entire North-East Atlantic according to the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.

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Last modified

2008-08-20 by William Perrin

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