Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Tetrapoda > Class Aves > Order Anseriformes > Family Anatidae > Genus Melanitta

Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Original genus

Anas Linnaeus, 1758

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

MelanittaBoie, 1822accepted genus name

Species group names

Anas nigra Linnaeus, 1758 objective synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: rosa e zezë; rosa kadife sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): svartand sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: sortand sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: zwarte zee-eend sources: Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: common scoter sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.
 English-United States: Common Scoter sources: Charles Hussey
 French: macreuse noire sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.
 Gaelic: scótar sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Galician: Scótar
 German: Trauerente sources: Jonsson, L. (1993). Vogels van Europa, Noord-Afrika en het Midden-Oosten [Birds of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-187-6. 560 pp.
 Greek: Ευρωπαϊκή Μαυρόπαπια sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Irish: Scótar sources: Nash, Roisin (FaEu - Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (Ecoserve))
 Italian: orchetto marino sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: juodoji antis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: svartand sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: svartand sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 123
 Norwegian Nynorsk: svartand sources: Syst. Nat. ed. 10 p. 123
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): svartand sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: markaczka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: синьга; черный турпан sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: črna raca sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: negrón común sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: sjöorre sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: kara ordek; kara ördek sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Синьга sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: mor-hwyaden ddu

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

additional source

Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.

additional source

Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p.

additional source

Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.

additional source

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.

additional source

Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983

Genbank

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External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Adriaens, P. (2011). Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137073

Drs Cees Roselaar. Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=96534

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine

Importance

EU Birds Directive:
Annex II/B 2009This species may be hunted under national legislation, as long as it does not jeopardise conservation efforts in their distribution area, and only in the Member States in respect of which they are indicated in the Directive, according to Annex II/B of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
AnnexIII/B 2009
IUCN:
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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Last modified

2011-04-08 by Drs Cees Roselaar & by Peter Adriaens

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