Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Cnidaria > Class Hydrozoa > Subclass Hydroidolina > Order Siphonophorae > Suborder Physonectae > Family Agalmatidae > Genus Halistemma

Halistemma rubrum (Vogt, 1852)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

HalistemmaHuxley, 1859accepted genus name

Species group names

Agalma rubra Vogt, 1852 basionym
Agalma rubra Vogt, 1852 synonym
Stephanomia rubra (Vogt, 1852) synonym


original description

Vogt, C. 1852. Ueber die Siphonophoren. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie 3 (4): 522-525.

basis of record

Mapstone, G. M. 2001. Siphonophora, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 120-122

additional source

Pugh, P. R. 1974a. The vertical distribution of the siphonophores collected during the SOND cruise, 1965. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U. K. 54 (1): 25-90.

additional source

Pugh, P. R. (1999). Siphonophorae. In South Atlantic Zooplankton I. Edited by D. Boltovskoy. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands. Pp. 868.

additional source

Pugh, P. R. and R. Gasca. 2009. Siphonophorae (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 395–402 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Pugh, P. R., and Youngbluth, M. J. 1988a. A new species of Halistemma (Siphonophora: Physonectae: Agalmidae) collected by submersible. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 68 (1): 1-14.

additional source

Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101.


Totton, A. K. 1965. A Synopsis of the Siphonophora. London, British Museum (Natural History). Pp. 230.


Kirkpatrick, P.A.; Pugh, P.R. (1984). Siphonophores and velellids: keys and notes for the identification of the species. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 29. E.J. Brill/W. Backhuys: London, UK. ISBN 90-04-07470-8. vi, 154 pp.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (32 publications)
Barcode of Life (1 barcode)
GenBank (8 nucleotides; 1 proteins)


Schuchert, P.; Mapstone, G. (2014). Halistemma rubrum (Vogt, 1852). In: Schuchert, P. (2014) World Hydrozoa database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135490




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2013-12-29 by Peter Schuchert

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