Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Hexactinellida > Subclass Amphidiscophora > Order Amphidiscosida > Family Pheronematidae > Genus Pheronema

Pheronema carpenteri (Thomson, 1869)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PheronemaLeidy, 1868accepted genus name

Species group names

Holtenia carpenteri Thomson, 1869 basionym
Holtenia carpenteri Thomson, 1869 synonym


original description

Thomson, C.W. 1869a. On Holtenia, a Genus and of Vitreus Sponges. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 18: 32-35.

basis of record

Reiswig H.M.; Champagne P. (1995). The NE Atlantic glass sponges Pheronema carpenteri (Thomson) and P. grayi Kent (Porifera: Hexactinellida) are synonyms. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 115 (4): 373-384.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103

additional source

Burton, M. 1928b. Hexactinellida. Danish Ingolf Expedition 6(4): 1-18.

additional source

Burton, M. 1954. Sponges. Pp. 215-239, pl. 9. In: The 'Rosaura' Expedition. Part 5. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology, 2(6).





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (21 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection


van Soest, R. (2014). Pheronema carpenteri (Thomson, 1869). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:134378




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2008-11-14 by Rob van Soest

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