Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae > Order Poecilosclerida > Suborder Mycalina > Family Desmacellidae > Genus Biemna

Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

BiemnaGray, 1867accepted genus name
Biemma Bowerbank, 1882 orthographic variant
Biemma Bowerbank, 1882 synonym

Species group names

Asychis variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) basionym
Desmacella groenlandica Fristedt, 1887 basionym
Desmacella hamifera Lundbeck, 1902 basionym
Desmacella peachii (Bowerbank, 1866) basionym
Desmacella peachii var. groenlandica Fristedt, 1887 basionym
Desmacella variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) basionym
Halichondria variantia Bowerbank, 1858 basionym; alternate representation
Hymeniacidon varians Bowerbank, 1882 basionym
Hymeniacidon variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) basionym
Asychis variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) synonym
Biemna gemmulifera (Breitfuss, 1912) synonym
Biemna peachii (Bowerbank, 1866) synonym
Desmacella groenlandica Fristedt, 1887 synonym
Desmacella hamifera Lundbeck, 1902 synonym
Desmacella peachii (Bowerbank, 1866) synonym
Desmacella peachii var. groenlandica Fristedt, 1887 synonym
Desmacella variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) synonym
Halichondria variantia Bowerbank, 1858 synonym; alternate representation
Hymeniacidon varians Bowerbank, 1882 synonym
Hymeniacidon variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) synonym


original description

Bowerbank, J.S. 1858. On the Anatomy and Physiology of the Spongiadae. Part I. On the Spicula. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 148(2): 279-332, pls XXII-XXVI.

basis of record

Hajdu, E.; Van Soest, R.W.M. 2002. Family Desmacellidae Ridley & Dendy, 1886. Pp. 642-650. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (Ed.) (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103

additional source

Maldonado, M. (1992). Demosponges of the red coral bottoms from the Alboran Sea. J. Nat. Hist. 26: 1131-1161

additional source

Burton, M. 1930c. Norwegian Sponges from the Norman Collection. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1930 (2): 487-546, pls I-II.

additional source

Pansini, M. 1987a. Littoral demosponges from the banks of the Strait of Sicily and the Alboran Sea. Pp. 149-185. In: Vacelet, J. & Boury-Esnault, N. (Eds), Taxonomy of Porifera from the N.E. Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. NATO ASI Series G 13. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg): 1-332.

additional source

Burton, M. 1931d. The Folden Fiord. Report on the sponges collected by Mr. Soot-Ryven in the Folden Fiord in the year 1923. Tromsø Museum Skrifter 1 (13): 1-8.





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection
Biodiversity Heritage Library (3 publications)
GenBank (4 nucleotides; 1 proteins)


van Soest, R. (2014). Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:133205




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2004-12-21 by Rob van Soest

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