Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae > Order Haplosclerida > Suborder Petrosina > Family Phloeodictyidae > Genus Oceanapia

Oceanapia robusta (Bowerbank, 1866)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

OceanapiaNorman, 1869accepted genus name
Phloeodictyum orthographic variant
Phloeodictyon Carter, 1882 synonym
Phloeodictyum synonym
Rhizochalina Schmidt, 1870 synonym

Species group names

Gelliodes cavicornis Topsent, 1892 basionym
Isodictya robusta Bowerbank, 1866 basionym
Gelliodes cavicornis Topsent, 1892 synonym
Isodictya robusta Bowerbank, 1866 synonym


original description

Bowerbank, J.S. 1866a. A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Volume 2. (Ray Society: London): i-xx, 1-388.

basis of record

de Weerdt, W.H. 1985. A systematic revision of the north-eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae): 1. Introduction, Oceanapiidae and Petrosiidae. Beaufortia 35(5): 61-91

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (13 publications)


van Soest, R. (2014). Oceanapia robusta (Bowerbank, 1866). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132946




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2008-01-06 by Rob van Soest

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