Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae > Order Dictyoceratida > Family Irciniidae > Genus Ircinia

Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

IrciniaNardo, 1833accepted genus name
Hircinia Nardo, 1834 synonym

Species group names

Ircinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862) basionym
Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862 synonym
Hircinia variabilis var. fistulata Szymanski, 1904 synonym
Ircinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862) synonym
Ircinia hebes (Schmidt, 1862) synonym
Ircinia hirsuta (Schmidt, 1862) synonym
Ircinia lingua (Schmidt, 1868) synonym
Ircinia panicea (Schmidt, 1862) synonym


original description

Schmidt, O. 1862. Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.

basis of record

Pronzato, R.; Malva, R,; Manconi, R, 2004. The taxonomic status of Ircinia fasciculata, Ircinia felix, and Ircinia variabilis (Dictyoceratida, Irciniidae). Boll. Mus. Ist.Biol. Univ. Genova 68: 553-563.

additional source

Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. 1981 [1980]. The Keratosa in a collection of Mediterranean sponges mainly from the Italian coasts. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria 83: 127-158.

additional source

Rützler, K., R. W. M. van Soest, and C. Piantoni. 2009. Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 285–313 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103


Burton, M. 1954. Sponges. Pp. 215-239, pl. 9. In: The 'Rosaura' Expedition. Part 5. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology, 2(6).





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection
Biodiversity Heritage Library (6 publications)
GenBank (14 nucleotides; 7 proteins)


van Soest, R. (2014). Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132362




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2010-05-06 by Rob van Soest

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