Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Porifera > Class Demospongiae > Order Dendroceratida > Family Dictyodendrillidae > Genus Spongionella

Spongionella pulchella (Sowerby, 1804)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SpongionellaBowerbank, 1862accepted genus name

Species group names

Aplysina zetlandica (Bowerbank, 1866) basionym
Aplysinopsis schmidti (Marenzeller, 1877) basionym
Spongia pulchella Sowerby, 1804 basionym
Verongia zetlandica Bowerbank, 1866 basionym
Aplysina zetlandica (Bowerbank, 1866) synonym
Aplysinopsis schmidti (Marenzeller, 1877) synonym
Spongia pulchella Sowerby, 1804 synonym
Spongionella zetlandica (Bowerbank, 1866) synonym
Verongia zetlandica Bowerbank, 1866 synonym


original description

Sowerby, J. (1806) The British Miscellany: or coloured figures of new, rare, or little known animal subjects; many not before ascertained to be inhabitants of the British Isles; and chiefly in the possession of the author. London.

additional source

Cruz, T. 2002. Esponjas marinas de Canarias. Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias, S/C Tenerife. 260 pp.

additional source

Pansini, M. 1987a. Littoral demosponges from the banks of the Strait of Sicily and the Alboran Sea. Pp. 149-185. In: Vacelet, J. & Boury-Esnault, N. (Eds), Taxonomy of Porifera from the N.E. Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. NATO ASI Series G 13. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg): 1-332.

additional source

Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. 1981 [1980]. The Keratosa in a collection of Mediterranean sponges mainly from the Italian coasts. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria 83: 127-158.

additional source

Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (8 publications)


van Soest, R. (2014). Spongionella pulchella (Sowerby, 1804). In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132335




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

Provided by

logo erms



Last modified

2007-01-14 by Rob van Soest

Your feedback

click here

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Your e-mail address:

Your message: