Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Annelida > Class Polychaeta > Subclass Errantia > Order Phyllodocida > Suborder Nereidiformia > Family Syllidae > Subfamily Syllinae > Genus Syllis

Syllis prolifera Krohn, 1852

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SyllisLamarck, 1818accepted genus name
Lycastis Savigny, 1822 heterotypic synonym
Aporosyllis Quatrefages, 1866 synonym
Chaetosyllis Malmgren, 1867 synonym
Ehlersia Quatrefages, 1865 synonym
Ehlersia (Syllis) Lamarck, 1818 synonym
Gnathosyllis Schmarda, 1861 synonym
Ioida Johnston, 1840 synonym
Isosyllis Ehlers, 1864 synonym
Langerhansia Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym
Pagenstecheria Quatrefages, 1866 synonym
Syllis (Ehlersia) Quatrefages, 1865 synonym
Syllis (Langerhansia) Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym
Syllis (Syllis) Lamarck, 1818 synonym
Syllis (Typosyllis) Langerhans, 1879 synonym
Trichosyllis Schmarda, 1861 synonym
Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 synonym
Typosyllis (Ehlersia) Quatrefages, 1865 synonym
Typosyllis (Langerhansia) Czerniavsky, 1881 synonym
Typosyllis (Syllis) [auct.] synonym
Typosyllis (Typosyllis) Langerhans, 1879 synonym

Species group names

Pionosyllis prolifera (Krohn, 1852) synonym
Syllis (Typosyllis) bouvieri Gravier, 1900 synonym
Syllis (Typosyllis) prolifera Krohn, 1852 synonym
Syllis (Typosyllis) zonata (Haswell, 1833) synonym
Syllis armandi Claparède, 1864 synonym
Syllis bouvieri Gravier, 1900 synonym
Syllis fluminensis Ehlers, 1864 synonym
Syllis lussinensis Grube, 1863 synonym
Syllis nigrans Bobretzky, 1870 synonym
Syllis zonata (Haswell, 1833) synonym
Typosyllis (Syllis) nigrans (Bobretzky, 1870) synonym
Typosyllis (Syllis) prolifera (Krohn, 1852) synonym
Typosyllis (Typosyllis) prolifera (Krohn, 1852) synonym
Typosyllis bouvieri (Gravier, 1900) synonym
Typosyllis nigrans (Bobretzky, 1870) synonym
Typosyllis prolifera (Krohn, 1852) synonym
Typosyllis zonata (Haswell, 1833) synonym


original description

Krohn, A. 1852. Ueber die Erscheiungen bei der Fortpflanzung von Syllis prolifera und Autolytus prolifer. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 18(1): 66-76.

basis of record

Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 214-231

additional source

Musco, L.; Giangrande, A. (2005). Mediterranean Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) revisited: biogeography, diversity and species fidelity to environmental features. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 304: 143-153

additional source

Fauchald, Kristian (2007). World Register of Polychaeta

additional source

Çinar, Melih Ertan & Gambi, Maria Cristina 2005. Cognetti’s syllid collection (Polychaeta: Syllidae) deposited at the Museum of the Stazione Zoologica ‘‘Anton Dohrn’’ (Naples, Italy), with descriptions of two new species of Autolytus. Journal of Natural History 39(10): 725-762

additional source

Fauvel, P. 1923. Polychètes errantes. Faune de France Volume 5. 1-488. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris.

source of synonymy

Langerhans, Paul (1879) Die Wurmfauna von Madeira [part I]. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 32(4): 513-592.


San Martín G (2003) Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid, p 1-554


Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (89 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection
GenBank (7 nucleotides; 1 proteins)


WoRMS (2014). Syllis prolifera Krohn, 1852. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131452




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


EU Birds Directive:
Annex II/B 2009This species may be hunted under national legislation, as long as it does not jeopardise conservation efforts in their distribution area, and only in the Member States in respect of which they are indicated in the Directive, according to Annex II/B of the EU Bird Directive 2009/147/EC.
Red List status VU 2007This species is vulnerable and is considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Red List status LC 2009This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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Last modified

2008-03-26 by Kristian Fauchald

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