Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Annelida > Class Polychaeta > Subclass Sedentaria > Infraclass Canalipalpata > Order Sabellida > Family Serpulidae > Genus Spirobranchus

Spirobranchus tetraceros (Schmarda, 1861)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SpirobranchusBlainville, 1818accepted genus name
Pomatoceros Philippi, 1844 heterotypic synonym
Pomatoleios Pixell, 1913 heterotypic synonym


basis of record

Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 214-231

additional source

Day, J.H. (1967). Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. Pp 459-842.

additional source

Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453

additional source

Fauchald, Kristian (2007). World Register of Polychaeta

additional source

Ben Eliahu, M. Nechama and Fiege, D. 1996. Serpulid tube-worms (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the central and eastern Mediterranean with particular attention to the Levant Basin. Senckenbergiana maritima, 28(1/3): 1-51, 12 figures, 7 tables.

additional source

Fauvel, P. 1930. Annélides Polychètes de Nouvelle-Caledonie, receuillies par Mme A. Pruvot-Fol en 1928. Archives de zoologie expérimentale et générale, 69(5): 501-562.

additional source

Frank, U. and Hove, Harry A. ten 1992. In vitro exposure of Spirobranchus giganteus and S. tetraceros (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) to various turbidities; branchial morphologies an expression of filtering strategies? Oebalia 18: 45-52.

additional source

Fiege, D., Hove, Harry A. ten. 1999. Redescription of Spirobranchus gaymardi (Quatrefages, 1866) (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) from the Indo-Pacific with remarks on the Spirobranchus giganteus complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London 126: 355-364.


Hove, Harry A. ten 1970. Serpulinae (Polychaeta) from the Caribbean: I - the genus Spirobranchus. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands, 32: 1-57.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (2 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Annelid Collection
Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE)


ten Hove, H. (2014). Spirobranchus tetraceros (Schmarda, 1861). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131055




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2008-11-04 by Harry ten Hove

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