Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Phoronida > Genus Phoronis

Phoronis hippocrepia Wright, 1856

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PhoronisWright, 1856accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Dutch: klein hoefijzerworm; kleine hoefijzerworm sources: Leewis, R. (2002). Flora en fauna van de zee [Marine flora and fauna]. Veldgids, 16. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-153-X. 320 pp.
 English: horseshoe


original description

Wright, T.S. (1856). Description of two tubicolar animals. Proc. R. Soc. Edinb. 1, 165-167.

basis of record

Phoronis hippocrepia

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Emig, C.C. (1979). British and other phoronids: keys and notes for the identification of the species. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 13. Academic Press: London, UK. ISBN 0-12-238750-3. 57 pp.

additional source

Santagata, S. 2009. Phoronida of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1133–1136 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Actinotrocha hippocrepia Silén, 1954

additional source

Álvarez F., Emig C. C., Roldán C. & J. M. Viéitez, 2005. Lophophorata: Phoronida, Brachiopoda. In: Fauna Ibérica, vol. 27. Museo de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC Madrid, 273 pp.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Emig, C.C.; Roldán, C.; Viéitez, J.M. (2001). Phoronida, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 324-325





External Links

Barcode of Life (1 barcode)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Phoronida Collection
Marine Life Information Network - UK
Biodiversity Heritage Library (63 publications)
GenBank (12 nucleotides; 6 proteins)


Emig, C. (2014). Phoronis hippocrepia Wright, 1856. In: Emig, C.C. (Ed) (2014). World Phoronida database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:128548




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, brackish


no data

Provided by

logo erms



Last modified

2008-06-21 by Christian Emig

Your feedback

click here

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Your e-mail address:

Your message: