Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Actinopterygii > Order Salmoniformes > Family Salmonidae > Genus Salmo

Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SalmoLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): laks sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Breton: bradan; gwennig sources: Cabioch, L. (2008). Personal communication
 Danish: laks; skællaks sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: Atlantische zalm; Jacobzalm; zalm sources: Belgisch staatsblad 07-08-1996: Koninklijk besluit houdende reglementering van de benamingen van visserijprodukten en verwerkte visserijprodukten;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English: Atlantic salmon; black salmon; common Atlantic salmon; grilse; kelt; N. Atlantic salmon; parr; salmon; sea salmon; silver salmon; Лосось sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS);PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English-United States: Atlantic Salmon; Black salmon; Common Atlantic salmon; Grilse; Kelt; N. Atlantic salmon; Parr; Salmon; Sea salmon; Silver salmon sources: Charles Hussey
 Faroese: laksur sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Finnish: lohi sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 French: saumon; saumon Atlantique; saumon d'Atlantique; tacon Atlantique sources: Louisy P., 2002 - Guide d'identification des poissons marins - Europe et Méditerranée, Ulmer ed, 430 p;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;Gillespie, G. E. 1993. An updated list of the fishes of British Columbia, and those of interest in adjacent waters, with numeric code designations. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1918: 116 p.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 German: Atlantischer Lachs; Atlantischer Salmón; echter Lachs; Lachs; Las; Salm; Salmling sources: Belgisch staatsblad 07-08-1996: Koninklijk besluit houdende reglementering van de benamingen van visserijprodukten en verwerkte visserijprodukten;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 Greek: Σολομός Ατλαντικού; Σολομός του Ατλαντικού sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Icelandic: lax sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Irish: bradán sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Italian: salmo; salmone; salmone atlantico; salmone del Reno; salmone kipper sources: de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Lithuanian: lašiša sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: laks sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Norwegian Bokmål: laks
 Norwegian Nynorsk: laks
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): laks sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: losós; Łosoś ; Łosoś atlantycki ; łosoś szlachetny sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: salmão sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Romanian: somon de Atlantic sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: losos; losos'; sëmga; семга sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Slovenian: Atlantski losos sources: Davorin Tome
 Spanish, Castillian: salmón; salmón común; salmón del Atlántico sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: lax sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Turkish: alabalik atlantik; Atlantik alabalığı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Лосось; Лосось атлантичний sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: eog

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374

additional source

Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 219. 731 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

Eschmeyer, W.: Catalog of fishes; California Academy of Sciences, department Ichtyology.

additional source

Roberts, C.; Stewart, A.; Francis, M. (2009). Marine fishes (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2011). Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758. In: Nicolas Bailly (2011). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://wwwmarinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=127186

Dr Jorg Freyhof. Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=304746

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, brackish, fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

EU Habitat Directive:
annex II EU Habitat Directive Annex II: Species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.
annex V EU Habitat Directive Annex V: Species of community interest whose taking in the wild and exploitation may be subject to management measures.
IUCN:
Red List status LR/lc 1996This species is lower risk and does not qualify for Conservation Dependent or Near Threatened status according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
OSPAR:
annex I, II, III, IV This species is threatened and/or declining in the Arctic, Greater North Sea, the Celtic Seas and the Bay of Biscay according to the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.

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Last modified

2008-01-15 by Dr Jorg Freyhof & by Nicolas Bailly

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