Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Actinopterygii > Order Gadiformes > Family Merlucciidae > Subfamily Merlucciinae > Genus Merluccius

Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

MerlucciusRafinesque, 1810accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: bakalaku; merluci sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): lysing sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Breton: begeg-vôr; merluz sources: Cabioch, L. (2008). Personal communication
 Danish: kolmuler sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Dutch: heek; mooie meid; stockvisch heek; stokvis sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.
 English: European hake; hake sources: FAO. FAO Species Identification and Data Programme (SIDP). Aquatic Species Fact Sheets.;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English-United States: European Hake sources: Charles Hussey
 Euskera: legatza sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Finnish: kummeli sources: Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.
 French: brochet de mer; merlu; merlu blanc; merlu européen; merluche; merluchón sources: Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.
 German: Hechtdorsch; Seehecht sources: Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 Greek: Βακαλάος; Μπακαλιάρος sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Icelandic: lýsingur sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Israel (Hebrew): בקלה ים-תיכונית sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: nasello sources: de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.
 Norwegian: haeg; kolkjeft; lysing sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Norwegian Bokmål: lysing
 Norwegian Nynorsk: lysing
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): lysing sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: morszczuk sources: Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.
 Portuguese: marmota; pescada; pescadinha sources: Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.;Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Russian: Мерлуза европейская sources: A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine
 Spanish, Castillian: carioca; merluza; merluza europea; pescada; pescadilla sources: Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.
 Swedish: kummel sources: Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.
 Turkish: bakalyaro sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Мерлуза європейська sources: A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine
 Welsh: cegddu; ceggdu

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374

additional source

Lloris, D.; Matallanas, J.; Oliver P. (2005). Hakes of the world (Family Merlucciidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 2. Rome, FAO. 57p. 12 colour plates.

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2011). Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Nicolas Bailly (2011). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126484

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

no data

Provided by

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126484

Last modified

2008-01-15 by Nicolas Bailly

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