Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Echinodermata > Subphylum Echinozoa > Class Holothuroidea > Order Dendrochirotida > Family Cucumariidae > Genus Cucumaria

Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

Cucumariade Blainville, 1830accepted genus name

Species group names

Cucumaria assimilis Düben & Koren, 1846 synonym
Holothuria frondosa Gunnerus, 1767 synonym
Holothuria fucicola Forbes & Goodsir, 1839 synonym
Holothuria grandis Forbes & Goodsir, 1839 synonym
Holothuria pentactes Linnaeus, 1767 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): brunpølse sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 German: schwarze Seegurke sources: Unterwasser-Welt Ostsee
 Norwegian: brunpølse sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: brunpølse sources: K. svenska Vetensk.Akad. Handl. 28: 115.
 Norwegian Nynorsk: brunpølse sources: K. svenska Vetensk.Akad. Handl. 28: 115.
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): brunpølse


original description

Gunnerus, J.E. (1767). Beskrifning på trenne Norrska Sjö-Kråk, Sjö-Pungar kallade. Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 28: 114-124

basis of record

Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 336-351

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp.

additional source

Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Madsen, F.J.; Hansen, B. (1994). Echinodermata Holothurioidea. Marine invertebrates of Scandinavia, 9. Scandinavian University Press: Oslo, Norway. ISBN 82-00-03936-6. 143 pp.





External Links

GenBank (369 nucleotides; 366 proteins)
Biodiversity Heritage Library (177 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection
Marine Life Information Network - UK
Barcode of Life (364 barcodes)


Paulay, G. (2014). Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124612




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

Provided by

logo erms



Last modified

2013-09-19 by Gustav Paulay

Your feedback

click here

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Your e-mail address:

Your message: