Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Echinodermata > Subphylum Asterozoa > Class Asteroidea > Superorder Valvatacea > Order Valvatida > Family Goniasteridae > Subfamily Hippasterinae > Genus Hippasteria

Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

HippasteriaGray, 1840accepted genus name
Hippasteria (Nehippasteria) Dons, 1938 synonym

Species group names

Asterias equestris Linnaeus, 1758 synonym
Asterias johnstoni Gray, in Johnston, 1836 synonym
Asterias phrygiana Parelius, 1768 synonym
Astrogonium aculeatum Barrett, 1857 synonym
Hippasteria insignis Dons, 1938 synonym


Hippasteria phrygiana phrygiana (Parelius, 1768)

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): knuddersjøstjerne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 German: knotiger Seestern sources: Unterwasser-Welt Ostsee
 Norwegian Bokmål: knuddersjøstjerne sources: K. norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. 4: 425.
 Norwegian Nynorsk: knuddersjøstjerne sources: K. norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. 4: 425.
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): knuddersjøstjerne sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: hästsjöstjärna


basis of record

Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 336-351

basis of record

Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.)

additional source

Mah, C.L., D.G. McKnight, M.K. Eagle, D.L. Pawson, N. Ameziane, D.J. Vance, A.N. Baker, H.E.S. Clark, and N. Alcock. 2009. Phylum Echinodermata. In Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) The New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch; 371-400.

additional source

North East Atlantic Taxa

additional source

Gosner, 1977

additional source

Brunel, P., L. Bosse, and G. Lamarche. 1998. Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Linkletter, L.E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

additional source

Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp.

additional source

ITIS database



External Links

Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF


Mah, C.; Danis, B.; Hansson, H. (2012). Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768). In: Mah, C.L. (2012). World Asteroidea database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124043




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2010-02-13 by Christopher Mah

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