Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Echinodermata > Subphylum Crinozoa > Class Crinoidea > Subclass Articulata > Order Hyocrinida

Hyocrinidae Carpenter, 1884

Rank: Family
Taxon Status: accepted


Gephyrocrinus Koehler & Bather, 1902


original description

Carpenter PH (1884) Report on the Crinoidea collected during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, during the years 1873-1876. Part I. The Stalked Crinoids. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, Zoology 11(32), xii + 442, 62 pls.

basis of record

Hess H (2011) Hyocrinida. In: Hess H, Messing CG, Ausich WI (Eds.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part T, Echinodermata 2 Revised, Crinoidea, vol. 3. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 172–179.

additional source

Mironov, A. N. & Sorokina O.A. (1998). Sea lilies of the order Hyocrinida (Echinodermata, Crinoidea). Zoologicheskie Issledovania, Moscow, 2, 1–117 (in Russian).

additional source

Roux M (2004) New Hyocrinid crinoids (Echinodermata) from submersible investigations in the Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 58:697–613, 8 fig.

additional source

Roux M, Lambert P (2011) Two new species of stalked crinoids from the northeastern Pacific in the genera Gephyrocrinus and Ptilocrinus (Echinodermata, Crinoidea, Hyocrinidae). Effects of ontogeny and variability on hyocrinid taxonomy. Zootaxa 2825:1–54.

additional source

Roux M, Messing CG, Améziane N (2002) Artificial keys to the genera of living stalked crinoids (Echinodermata). Bulletin of Marine Science 70:799–830, 10 figs.

additional source

Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 336-351



External Links



Messing, C. (2014). Hyocrinidae Carpenter, 1884. In: Messing, C. (2014) World List of Crinoidea. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123155




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2009-08-20 by Charles Messing

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