Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Bryozoa > Class Gymnolaemata > Order Ctenostomatida > Suborder Stolonifera > Family Vesiculariidae > Genus Bowerbankia

Bowerbankia gracilis Leidy, 1855

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

BowerbankiaFarre, 1837accepted genus name


original description

Leidy, J.. 1855. Contributions towards a knowledge of the marine Invertebrate fauna of the coasts of Rhode Island and New Jersey. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, New Series 3(2) no. 11: 135-152, pls. 10-11. (xii-1855)

basis of record

Hayward, P.J. (2001). Bryozoa, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 325-333

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

additional source

De Blauwe, H. (2009). Mosdiertjes van de Zuidelijke Bocht van de Noordzee. Determinatiewerk voor België en Nederland. Uitgave Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee, Oostende: 464pp.

additional source

Lacourt, A.W. (1949). Bryozoa of the Netherlands. Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie 8(3): 1-33.

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

Loppens, K. (1906). Bryozoaires marins et fluviatiles de la Belgique. Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique et Malacologique de Belgique 41: 286-321.

additional source

Gordon, D.P.; Taylor, P.D.; Bigey, F.P. (2009). Phylum Bryozoa: moss animals, sea mats, lace corals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 271-297.

additional source

Winston, J. E. and F. J. Maturo Jr. 2009. Bryozoans (Ectoprocta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1147–1164 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (38 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Bryozoa Collection
Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE)
GenBank (11 nucleotides; 4 proteins)
Barcode of Life (1 barcode)


Gordon, D. (2014). Bowerbankia gracilis. In: Bock, P.; Gordon, D. (2014) World List of Bryozoa. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:111665




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




no data

Provided by

logo erms



Last modified

2005-02-01 by Dennis Gordon

Your feedback

click here

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Your e-mail address:

Your message: