Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Echiura > Class Echiuroidea > Order Echiurida > Family Echiuridae > Subfamily Echiurinae > Genus Echiurus

Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1767)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

EchiurusGuérin-Méneville, 1831accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Danish: almindelig tungeorm sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: zandworm


original description

Pallas, P.S. (1774) Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. Berolini. Fasciculus 10, pp. 1-41, 4 Pl.

basis of record

van der Land, J. (2001). Echiura, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 178

additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Wesenberg-Lund, E. (1933). The collections of gephyreans in the Royal Museum of Natural History of Belgium. Bull. Mus. royal d'Hist. Nat. Belg./Med. Kon. Natuurhist. Mus. Belg. 9(6): 1-16

additional source

UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.

additional source

Murina, Vantsetti. List of Echiura.

additional source

Cutler, E.B. (2009). Phylum Echiura: spoon worms, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 308-311.





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echiura Collection
Biodiversity Heritage Library (29 publications)
Barcode of Life
GenBank (6 nucleotides; 4 proteins)


Murina, G. (2014). Echiurus echiurus (Pallas, 1767). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110377




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




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Last modified

2008-08-08 by Galina Vansetti Murina

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