Higher Classification: > Kingdom Chromista > Subkingdom Harosa > Infrakingdom Alveolata > Phylum Myzozoa > Subphylum Dinozoa > Infraphylum Dinoflagellata > Class Peridinea > Subclass Gonyaulacoidia > Order Gonyaulacida > Family Gonyaulacaceae > Genus Alexandrium

Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Paulsen, 1904) Balech & Tangen, 1985

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

AlexandriumHalim, 1960 emend. Balech, 1989accepted genus name
Gessnerium Halim ex Halim, 1967 synonym

Species group names

Goniodoma ostenfeldii Paulsen, 1904 basionym
Gessnerium ostenfeldii (Paulsen) Loeblich III & L.A. Loeblich synonym
Goniodoma ostenfeldii Paulsen, 1904 synonym
Gonyaulax globosa (Braarud, 1945) Balech, 1971 synonym
Gonyaulax tamarensis var. globosa Braarud synonym
Heteraulacus ostenfeldii (Paulsen) Loeblich III, 1970 synonym
Pyrodinium phoneus Woloszynskia & Conrad, 1939 synonym
Triadinium ostenfeldii (Paulsen) Dodge in Parke & Dodge, 1976 synonym


original description

Paulsen O. 1904. Plankton investigations in the waters round Iceland in 1903. Medd. Komm. Havunders. København, Ser. Plankton 1: 1-40.

basis of record

Gómez, F., 2005. A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64 (1), 129-212.

additional source

Tomas, C.R. (Ed.) (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp.

additional source

Horner, R.A. 2002. A taxonomic guide to some common marine phytoplankton. Biopress Ltd. Bristol. 195 p.

additional source

Steidinger, K.A. and K. Tangen. 1977. Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press. San Diego. p. 387-584.

additional source

Martin, J.L., M.M. LeGresley and P.M. Strain. 2001. Phytoplankton monitoring in the Western Isles region of the Bay of Fundy during 1997-98. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2349. iv + 85 p.

additional source


additional source

ITIS database

additional source

Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53

additional source

MacKenzie L., White D., Oshima Y. & Kapa J. 1996. The resting cyst and toxicity of Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae) in New Zealand. Phycologia 35: 148-155.

additional source

Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae.

source of synonymy

Gómez, F., 2005. A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64 (1), 129-212.

new combination reference

Balech E.& Tangen K. 1985. Morphology and taxonomy of toxic species in the tamarensis group (Dinophyceae) Alexandrium excavatum (Braarud) comb. nov. and Alexandrium ostenfeldii(Paulsen) comb. nov. Sarsia 70: 333-343.



External Links

Link To GBIF


Fraga, S.; Brandt, S. (2011). Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Paulsen, 1904) Balech & Tangen, 1985. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2011). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109712




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Last modified

2010-10-27 by Santiago Fraga

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