Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Elasmobranchii > Subclass Neoselachii > Infraclass Selachii > Superorder Squalomorphi > Order Squaliformes > Family Squalidae > Genus Squalus

Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SqualusLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: peshkaqen gjëmbor sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Bokmål (Norwegian): pigghå sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Breton: c'hi; spinek sources: Cabioch, L. (2008). Personal communication
 Danish: pighaj sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Dutch: doornhaai sources: Ann-Katrien Leskrauwaet
 English: picky dog; piked dogfish; spiny dogfish; spurdog sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.;ITIS database;North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS);Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English-United States: Spurdog sources: Charles Hussey
 French: aiguillat commun; aiquillat; chien dard sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;Belgisch staatsblad 07-08-1996: Koninklijk besluit houdende reglementering van de benamingen van visserijprodukten en verwerkte visserijprodukten;Quéro J.C., 1984 - Les poissons de mer des pêches françaises - J. Grancher ed, 394 p
 German: Dornhai; gemeiner Dornhai sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Greek: Κεντρόνι sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Icelandic: háfur sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Irish: fiógach sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Israel (Hebrew): קוצן נקוד sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: spinarolo sources: de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.
 Lithuanian: paprastasis dygliaryklis sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: pigghå sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Norwegian Bokmål: pigghå
 Norwegian Nynorsk: pigghå
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): pigghå sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: koleń pospolity sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: galhudo sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Romanian: câine de mare sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: Акула катран sources: A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine
 Scottish: cu-maire sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Spanish, Castillian: agulat; galludos; mielga sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.;de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.
 Swedish: hå; pigghaj sources: Davidson, A. (2001). North Atlantic fish cookbook [Noord-Atlantisch viskookboek]. Scepter: Bussum, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-72653-14-9. 556 pp.
 Turkish: mahmuzlu camgöz sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Акула катран ; Катран звичайний; морський собака sources: A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: ci pigog

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces - Chondrichthyes, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 358-360

additional source

Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 219. 731 p.

additional source

Anon. (2000). FishBase 2000 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. 4 cd-roms pp.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

McEachran, J. D. 2009. Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Eschmeyer, W.: Catalog of fishes; California Academy of Sciences, department Ichtyology.

additional source

Roberts, C.; Stewart, A.; Francis, M. (2009). Marine fishes (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2012). Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758. In: Nicolas Bailly (2012). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105923

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

IUCN:
Red List status VU 2006This species is vulnerable and is considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
OSPAR:
annex All This species is threatened and/or declining in the entire North-East Atlantic according to the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic.

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Last modified

2008-01-15 by Nicolas Bailly

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