Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Elasmobranchii > Subclass Neoselachii > Infraclass Selachii > Superorder Squalomorphi > Order Squaliformes > Family Dalatiidae > Genus Somniosus

Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

SomniosusLesueur, 1818accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): håkjerring sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: havkal sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: Groenlandse haai sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English: Greenland shark sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: Greenland Shark sources: Charles Hussey
 French: laimargue atlantique; lamairgue du Groenland; requin du Groenland sources: Nozères C., Archambault D., Chouinard P.-M., Gauthier J., Miller R., Parent E., Schwab P., Savard L., and Dutil J.-D. 2010. Identification guide for marine fishes of the estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence and sampling protocols used during trawl surveys between 2004 and 2008. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2866: xi + 243 p;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 German: Eishai; Grönlandhai sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 Lithuanian: arktinis ryklys sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: håkjerring
 Norwegian Nynorsk: håkjerring
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): håkjerring sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: rekin polarny sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: акула полярная sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: grenlandski morski pes sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: tiburón ártico; tiburón de Groenlandia sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: håkäring sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: Grönland köpek balığı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Акула полярна гренландська sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: morgi'r Ynys Las

Literature

basis of record

Anon. (2000). FishBase 2000 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. 4 cd-roms pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces - Chondrichthyes, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 358-360

additional source

Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 219. 731 p.

additional source

Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.

additional source

Bloch, M.E.; Schneider, J.G. (1801). M.E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini. Sumtibus Austoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Pp i-lx + 1-584, Pls. 1-110.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

McEachran, J. D. 2009. Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2012). Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801). In: Nicolas Bailly (2012). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105919

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

IUCN:
Red List status NT 2006This species is near threatened and is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105919

Last modified

2008-01-15 by Nicolas Bailly

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