Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Elasmobranchii > Subclass Neoselachii > Infraclass Selachii > Superorder Galeomorphi > Order Orectolobiformes > Family Rhincodontidae > Genus Rhincodon

Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

RhincodonSmith, 1829accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Chinese: tofu sa sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 English: East Indian basking shark; whale shark sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.;North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: East Indian basking shark; whale shark sources: english PESI focal point
 French: chagrin; requin baleine sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Gaelic: mhor sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 German: Walhai sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Φαλαινοκαρχαρίας sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: squalo balena sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Japanese: jimbeizame; yasurizame sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Lithuanian: bangininis ryklys sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian: hvalhai sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: rekin wielorybi sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: pintado; tubarâo baleia sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Russian: китовая акула sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: morski pes kitovec sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: dominó; tiburón ballena; tiburón dama sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Tagalog: isdang tuku; tuk; tuki tuki; tuku sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Thai: chlarm plawarn sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Turkish: balina kopekbaligi; balina köpekbalığı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Акула китова

Literature

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces - Chondrichthyes, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 358-360

basis of record

Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

McEachran, J. D. 2009. Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

additional source

Robins, C.R., G.C. Ray, J. Douglass and R. Freund. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston. 354 p.

additional source

Fishbase

additional source

Roberts, C.; Stewart, A.; Francis, M. (2009). Marine fishes (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2012). Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828. In: Nicolas Bailly (2012). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105847

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

CITES:
appendix 2 This species is listed on the CITES Appendix II which means it is not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. International trade in specimens species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate.
IUCN:
Red List status VU 2005This species is vulnerable and is considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

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GUID

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Last modified

2008-01-15 by Nicolas Bailly

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