Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Elasmobranchii > Subclass Neoselachii > Infraclass Selachii > Superorder Galeomorphi > Order Lamniformes > Family Odontaspididae > Genus Carcharias

Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

CarchariasRafinesque, 1810accepted genus name
Eugomphodus Gill, 1861 synonym

Species group names

Eugomphodus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810) synonym
Odontaspis taurus (Rafinesque, 1810) synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Afrikaans: spikkel-skeurtandhaai sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 English: blue nurse shark; brown shark; grey nurse; grey nurse shark; grey shark; Owston’s sand shark; raggedtooth shark; raggie; sand tiger; shovelnose shark; shovel-nosed shark; spotted ragged-tooth shark; yellow belly; yellow shark sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 English-United States: blue nurse shark; brown shark; grey nurse; grey nurse shark; grey shark; Owston’s sand shark; Raggedtooth shark; raggie; sand shark; sand tiger; sand tiger shark; Sandtiger shark; shovelnose shark; shovel-nosed shark; spotted ragged-tooth shark; tiger shark; yellow shark sources: english PESI focal point
 French: lamio; odontaspide taureau; requin sable tachete; requin taureau; verdoun sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 German: Sandtiger; Sandtigerhai sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: Ταυροκαρχαρίας sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Hindi: dundanee; toro bambaco sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Italian: carcharia tauro; odontaspe tauro; triglochide tauro sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Japanese: shirowani; umiwani sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Polish: tawrosz piaskowy sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: pez toro; tiburón; tiburón de leznas; tiburón toro; toro bacota sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: kum kaplani; kum kaplanı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Акула піщана звичайна; Звичайна піщана акула sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Vietnamese: ca nham nhan; ca nham nhon

Literature

basis of record

Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.

basis of record

Compagno, L.J.V. (1984). FAO Species Catalogue No. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. (125) Vol 4, Part 1. 246 pp. FAO, Rome.

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces - Chondrichthyes, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 358-360

additional source

Collette, B.B., and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.). 2002. Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, 3rd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. 748 p.

additional source

Fishbase

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

McEachran, J. D. 2009. Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2012). Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810. In: Nicolas Bailly (2012). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105843

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, not brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

IUCN:
Red List status VU 2005This species is vulnerable and is considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Provided by

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105843

Last modified

2008-01-15 by Nicolas Bailly

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