Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Elasmobranchii > Subclass Neoselachii > Infraclass Selachii > Superorder Galeomorphi > Order Lamniformes > Family Lamnidae > Genus Carcharodon

Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

CarcharodonSmith, 1838accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Afrikaans: sarda; springhaai; witdoodshaai; withaai sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Albanian: peshkaqen njeringrënës sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 English: anchovy-eater; cowshark; death shark; demon shark; great white death; great white shark; jumping shark; man-eater shark; mudshark; tauró blanc; Tommy; tuna shark; uptail; white death; white death shark; white pointer; white shark sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.;North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
 English-United States: anchovy-eater; blue pointer; cowshark; death shark; demon shark; great white death; great white shark; jumping shark; man-eater shark; mudshark; tauró blanc; Tommy; tuna shark; uptail; white death; white death shark; white pointer; white shark sources: english PESI focal point
 French: grand requin blanc; requin blanc sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.;Gillespie, G. E. 1993. An updated list of the fishes of British Columbia, and those of interest in adjacent waters, with numeric code designations. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1918: 116 p.
 German: Menschen Fresser; Menschenhai; Merviel Fras; weißer Hai; Weisshai sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Greek: karcharias; Λευκός καρχαρίας sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Hawaiian: niuhi sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Israel (Hebrew): קרחה לבנה sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: cagnesca grande; can grossu; caniscu; carcarodonte; carcarodonte di rondelet; carcarodonte lamia; damiano; imbestinu; mangia alice; mastinu feru; pesca can; pesce can grande; pesce cane; pescecane; pesciu can; pici bistinu; pisci cani; pisci mastinu; squalo bianco; tunnu palamitu di funnu sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Japanese: hitokiuzame; hohojirozame; oshirozame sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Lithuanian: baltasis ryklys sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Maltese: gab doll; huta tax-xmara; kelb il-bahar; kelb-il-bahar abjad sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Maori: hare hongi; mango-tuatini; taniwha sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Norwegian: haa skieding; hvithai sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: żarłacz biały sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Portuguese: tabarao; tubarâo branco sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Russian: кархародон мегалодон; мегалодон sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 samoa: tanifa sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Slovenian: veliki beli morski pes sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: ca mari; jaquetón blanco; jaquetón de ley; salproig; salproix; sarda; taburo; tauró blanc; tiburo; tiburón blanco sources: Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
 Turkish: buyuk beyaz kopekbaligi; büyük beyaz köpekbalığı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Акула велика біла; Біла акула; Велика біла акула

Literature

basis of record

Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces - Chondrichthyes, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 358-360

additional source

Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 219. 731 p.

additional source

Roberts, C.; Stewart, A.; Francis, M. (2009). Marine fishes (Chordata). In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

additional source

McEachran, J. D. 2009. Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2012). Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Nicolas Bailly (2012). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105838

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

CITES:
appendix 2 This species is listed on the CITES Appendix II which means it is not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. International trade in specimens species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate.
IUCN:
Red List status VU 2005This species is vulnerable and is considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

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GUID

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Last modified

2008-01-15 by Nicolas Bailly

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