Pycnoclavella aurilucens Garstang, 1891

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 English: orange lights seasquirt sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 English-United States: Orange Lights Seasquirt


original description

Garstang, W. (1891) Note on a new and primitive type of compound ascidian Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser.,6, 8: 265-268. Also in Zool. Anz., 45: 422-424.

basis of record

Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 352-355

additional source

Millar, R.H. (1970). British ascidians, Tunicata: Ascidiacea: keys and notes for the identification of the species. Synopses of the British fauna (New Series), 1. Academic Press: London. ISBN 12-496650-0. 92 pp.

additional source

UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

Perez-Portela,R., Duran, S., palacín, C. & Turon, X. 2007. The genus Pycnoclavella (Ascidiacea) in the Atlanto-Mediterranean region: a combined molecular and morphological approach. Invertebrate Sistematics 21: 187-205.


Perez-Portela, R. & Turon, X. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of the Clavelinidae and Pycnoclavellidae (Ascidiacea) inferred from mtDNA data. Invertebrate Biology 127(1): 108–120.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (6 publications)
Barcode of Life (6 barcodes)
GenBank (6 nucleotides; 6 proteins)


Gittenberger, A.; Sanamyan, K. (2014). Pycnoclavella aurilucens Garstang, 1891. In: Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2014) Ascidiacea World Database. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


marine, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2010-05-25 by Arjan Gittenberger

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