Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Cephalorhyncha > Class Kinorhyncha > Order Cyclorhagida > Family Centroderidae > Genus Centroderes

Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

CentroderesZelinka, 1907accepted genus name

Species group names

Campyloderes adherens Nyholm, 1947 synonym


basis of record

Neuhaus, B.; van der Land, J. (2001). Cephalorhyncha (=Loricifera, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Nematomorpha), in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 159-160

additional source

Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (Ed.) (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp.

additional source

UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms

additional source

Neuhaus, B. (2013). Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera), in: Schmidt-Raesa, A. (2013). Handbook of Zoology. Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera: 1. Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera. Handbook of Zoology (2010), : pp. 181-348

source of synonymy

Adrianov, A.V. & Malakhov, V.V. (1999): Cephalorhyncha of the world ocean. 328 pp. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow. [in Russian and English]

new combination reference

Zelinka, K. (1928): Monographie der Echinodera. 396 pp., pls. 1-27. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

new combination reference

Neuhaus, B., Pardos, P., Sørensen, M.V. & Higgins, R.P. (2013): Redescription, morphology, and biogeography of Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881)(Kinorhyncha, Cyclorhagida) from Europe. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 54: 109-132.





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Meiofauna Collection


Neuhaus, B. (2014). Centroderes spinosus (Reinhard, 1881). In: Neuhaus, Birger World list of Kinorhyncha. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:101101




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Last modified

2013-05-31 by Birger Neuhaus

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