Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Actinopterygii > Order Gasterosteiformes > Family Gasterosteidae > Genus Gasterosteus

Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

GasterosteusLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Children

Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): trepigget stingsild sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: trepigget hundestejle sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: driedoornige stekelbaars sources: Hayward, P.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1999). Gids van kust en strand: flora en fauna [Coast and beach guide: flora and fauna]. Tirion: Baarn, Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-327-5. 352, ill. pp.
 English: threespine stickleback; threespine stickletback; three-spined stickleback sources: North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS);Gillespie, G. E. 1993. An updated list of the fishes of British Columbia, and those of interest in adjacent waters, with numeric code designations. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1918: 116 p.;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English-United States: Three-spined Stickleback sources: Charles Hussey
 French: épinoche à trois épines; epinoche à trois pointes sources: Nozères C., Archambault D., Chouinard P.-M., Gauthier J., Miller R., Parent E., Schwab P., Savard L., and Dutil J.-D. 2010. Identification guide for marine fishes of the estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence and sampling protocols used during trawl surveys between 2004 and 2008. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2866: xi + 243 p;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 German: dreistachliger Stichling sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 Lithuanian: trispyglė dyglė sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: trepigget stingsild
 Norwegian Nynorsk: trepigga stingsild
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): trepigga stingsild sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: ciernik sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: Колюшка трехиглая обыкновенная; трёхиглая колюшка sources: A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine;PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Slovenian: zet sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Swedish: storspigg sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: dikence baligi; dikence balığı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Колючка триголкова звичайна; Триголкова колючка звичайна sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: crothell dri phigyn

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374

additional source

Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 219. 731 p.

additional source

Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.

additional source

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link Marine Life Information Network - UK
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2011). Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Nicolas Bailly (2011). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126505

Dr Jorg Freyhof. Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=304818

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


marine, brackish, fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

IUCN:
Red List status LC 2008This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126505
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:304818

Last modified

2008-01-15 by Dr Jorg Freyhof & by Nicolas Bailly

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