Higher Classification: > Kingdom Chromista > Subkingdom Hacrobia > Phylum Haptophyta > Class Prymnesiophyceae > Order Prymnesiales > Family Prymnesiaceae > Genus Prymnesium

Prymnesium parvum N.Carter, 1937

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PrymnesiumMassart, 1920accepted genus name


Prymnesium parvum f. patelliferum (J.C.Green, D.J.Hibberd & R.N.Pienaar) A.Larsen, 1999


original description

Carter N. 1937. New or interesting algae from brackish water. Arch. Protistemk. 90: 1-68.

basis of record

TMAP - Trilateral Monitoring and Assessment Program database

additional source

Igarashi T., Satake M. & Yasumoto T. 1999. Structures and partial stereochemical assignments for prymnesin-1 and prymnesin-2: potent hemolytic and ichthyotoxic glycosides isolated from the red tide alga Prymnesium parvum. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121: 8499-8511.

additional source

Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae.

additional source

Dyntaxa (2013) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].

additional source

Tomas, C.R. (Ed.) (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp.

additional source

Kaartvedt S., Johnsen T.M., Aksnes D.L & Lie U. 1991. Occurrence of the toxic phytoflagellate Prymnesium parvum and associated fish mortality in a Norwegian fjord system. Can. J. Fish. Aquat Sci. 48: 2316-2323.

additional source

Moestrup Ø. 1994. Economic aspects: ’blooms’, nuisance species, and toxins. In: The Haptophyte Algae (Ed. by J.C. Green & B.S.C. Leadbeater), pp. 265-285. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

additional source





Published in AlgaeBase

External Links

GenBank (23509 nucleotides; 24 proteins)
Barcode of Life (2 barcodes)
Biodiversity Heritage Library (17 publications)


WoRMS (2014). Prymnesium parvum N.Carter, 1937. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:160564




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data


not marine, brackish, not fresh, not terrestrial


no data

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Last modified

2008-11-21 by Øjvind Moestrup

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