Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Chordata > Subphylum Vertebrata > Superclass Gnathostomata > Superclass Pisces > Class Actinopterygii > Order Esociformes > Family Esocidae > Genus Esox

Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

EsoxLinnaeus, 1758accepted genus name

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): gjedde sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: gedde sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: snoek sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English: northern pike; pike sources: FAO. FAO Species Identification and Data Programme (SIDP). Aquatic Species Fact Sheets.;Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 English-United States: Pike sources: Charles Hussey
 French: brochet; grand brochet sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.;Gillespie, G. E. 1993. An updated list of the fishes of British Columbia, and those of interest in adjacent waters, with numeric code designations. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1918: 116 p.
 German: Hecht sources: Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp.
 Greek: Τούρνα sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Israel (Hebrew): זאב המים sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Italian: luccio sources: de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.
 Lithuanian: lydeka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: gjedde
 Norwegian Nynorsk: gjedde
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): gjedde sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Polish: szczupak; szczupak pospolity sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Romanian: Ştiucă; știucă sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Russian: щука; Щука обыкновенная sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points;A.Boltachev & E. Karpova, IBSS NAS Ukraine
 Slovenian: ščuka sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: lucio sources: de Groot, B.; Dijkema, R.; Redant, F. (1988). Fish, shells and shellfish: an illustrated guide with descriptions, supply times and recipes of more than 400 sea and freshwater species [Vis, schelp- en schaaldieren: een geïllustreerde gids met de beschrijvingen, aanvoertijden en bereidingswijzen van ruim 400 soorten uit zee en zoet water]. Spectrum: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-274-20203. 180 pp.
 Swedish: gädda sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Turkish: turna balığı sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Ukrainian: Щука звичайна sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Welsh: penhwyad

Literature

original description

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.

basis of record

Eschmeyer, W.: Catalog of fishes; California Academy of Sciences, department Ichtyology.

additional source

FishBase, version december 2007

additional source

FishBase, version may 2009

Genbank

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Taxonomy

Link To FishBase

External Links

Link To FishBase
Link To GBIF
Link To GBIF

Citation

Bailly, N. (2011). Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758. In: Nicolas Bailly (2011). FishBase. In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2012) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:154210

Dr Jorg Freyhof. Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Fauna Europaea at http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=304650

Image

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Occurrence

 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data

Environment


not marine, brackish, fresh, not terrestrial

Importance

IUCN:
Red List status LC 2008This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

Provided by

logo erms

GUID

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:154210
urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:304650

Last modified

2008-01-15 by Dr Jorg Freyhof & by Nicolas Bailly

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