Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Gastropoda > Subclass Heterobranchia > Infraclass Opisthobranchia > Order Cephalaspidea > Superfamily Philinoidea > Family Philinidae > Genus Philine

Philine quadrata (S. Wood, 1839)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

PhilineAscanius, 1772accepted genus name
Bulla (Bullea) [sic] orthographic variant
Bullea [sic] orthographic variant
Bulla (Bullea) [sic] synonym
Bullaea Lamarck, 1801 synonym
Bullea [sic] synonym
Johania Monterosato, 1884 synonym
Laona A. Adams, 1865 synonym
Lobaria O. F. Müller, 1776 synonym
Praephiline Chaban & Soldatenko, 2009 synonym
Rhinodiaphana Lemche, 1967 synonym
Utriculopsis M. Sars, 1870 synonym

Species group names

Bulla quadrata S. Wood, 1839 basionym
Bulla quadrata S. Wood, 1839 synonym
Philine formosa Stimpson, 1850 synonym
Philine scutulum Lovén, 1846 synonym


basis of record

Ohnheiser L.T. & Malaquias M. (2013) Systematic revision of the gastropod family Philinidae (Mollusca: Cephalaspidea) in the north-east Atlantic Ocean with emphasis on the Scandinavian Peninsula. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 167: 273–326.

additional source

Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213

additional source

Rosenberg, G. 2004. Malacolog Version 3.3.2: Western Atlantic gastropod database. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA.

additional source

Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.





External Links

USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection
Biodiversity Heritage Library (107 publications)
GenBank (5 nucleotides; 5 proteins)


Rosenberg, G.; Gofas, S. (2014). Philine quadrata (S. Wood, 1839). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140759




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




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Last modified

2010-10-21 by Gary Rosenberg

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