Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Bivalvia > Subclass Heterodonta > Infraclass Euheterodonta > Order [unassigned] Euheterodonta > Superfamily Solenoidea > Family Pharidae > Genus Ensis

Ensis siliqua (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

EnsisSchumacher, 1817accepted genus name
Ensatella Swainson, 1840 synonym

Species group names

Solen ligulus Turton, 1822 synonym
Solen novaculus Montagu, 1803 synonym
Solen siliqua Linnaeus, 1758 synonym
Solen siliquosa Locard, 1886 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Bokmål (Norwegian): slireskjell sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Danish: barberknivmusling sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: groot tafelmesheft; tafelmesheft sources: de Bruyne, R.H.; Bank, R.A.; Adema, J.P.H.M.; Perk, F.A. (1994). Nederlandse naamlijst van de weekdieren (Mollusca) van Nederland en Belgie: feestuitgave ter gelegenheid van het zestig-jarig jubileum van de Nederlandse Malacologische Vereniging [Dutch namelist of the Mollusca from the Netherlands and Belgium: festive edition at the occasion of the 60-year jubilee of the Dutch Malacological Society]. Backhuys Publishers: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73348-33-1. 149 pp.;Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp.
 English: pod razor shell sources: Hayward, P.J.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1996). Collins pocket guide: sea shore of Britain and Europe. Collins pocket guides. Harper-Collins Publishers: London, UK. ISBN 0-00-219955-6. 352 pp.
 English-United States: Pod Razor Shell sources: Charles Hussey
 German: Scheidenmuschel; schotenförmige Scheidenmuschel; Schotenmuschel sources: Lindner, G. (1999). Schelpengids: schelpen uit de wereldzeeën, vorm, voorkomen, systematiek [The shell guide: shells from the world oceans, shape, distribution and systematics]. Tirion: Baarn, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-409-3. 320 pp.;Unterwasser-Welt Ostsee
 Norwegian: slireskjell sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Norwegian Bokmål: slireskjell sources: Systema naturae ed. 10: 672
 Norwegian Nynorsk: slireskjel sources: Systema naturae ed. 10: 672
 Nynorsk (Norwegian): slireskjel


basis of record

Cosel R. von, 2009. The razor shells of the eastern Atlantic, part 2. Pharidae II: the genus Ensis Schumacher, 1817 (Bivalvia, Solenoidea). Basteria, 73: 9-56

additional source

Vierna J., Cuperus J., Martínez-Lage A., Jansen J.M., Perina A., Van Pelt H. & González-Tizón, A.M. (2014) Species delimitation and DNA barcoding of Atlantic Ensis (Bivalvia, Pharidae). Zoologica Scripta 43(2): 161–171. [Published online 3 September 2013; Code-compliant paper version published March 2014]

additional source

Ardovini, R.; Cossignani, T. (2004). West African seashells (including Azores, Madeira and Canary Is.) = Conchiglie dell'Africa Occidentale (incluse Azzorre, Madeira e Canarie). English-Italian edition. L'Informatore Piceno: Ancona, Italy. ISBN 88-86070-11-X. 319 pp.





External Links

Biodiversity Heritage Library (59 publications)
USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection
GenBank (118 nucleotides; 7 proteins)


von Cosel, R.; Gofas, S. (2014). Ensis siliqua (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140735




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




Red List status LC 2008This species is least concern and is widespread and abundant according to the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

Provided by

logo erms



Last modified

2009-09-05 by Rudo von Cosel

Your feedback

click here

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Your e-mail address:

Your message: