Higher Classification: > Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Mollusca > Class Bivalvia > Subclass Heterodonta > Infraclass Euheterodonta > Order [unassigned] Euheterodonta > Superfamily Solenoidea > Family Pharidae > Genus Ensis

Ensis ensis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rank: Species
Taxon Status: accepted

Relationships towards this taxon

Genus group names

EnsisSchumacher, 1817accepted genus name
Ensatella Swainson, 1840 synonym

Species group names

Ensatella europaea Swainson, 1840 synonym
Ensis phaxoides Van Urk, 1964 synonym
Solen ensis Linnaeus, 1758 synonym

Vernaculars (+) (-)

 Albanian: midhja shpatë sources: Dhora, DH. 2008. Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor – Shqip – Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names – Albanian – English). Camaj – Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
 Catalan: navalla recta sources: TermCat, The Center for Terminology.
 Danish: sværdskedemusling sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Dutch: kleine zwaardschede; slanke kleine zwaardschede sources: Hayward, P.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1999). Gids van kust en strand: flora en fauna [Coast and beach guide: flora and fauna]. Tirion: Baarn, Netherlands. ISBN 90-5210-327-5. 352, ill. pp.;Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp.
 English: common razor shell; sword razor shell sources: Hayward, P.J.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1996). Collins pocket guide: sea shore of Britain and Europe. Collins pocket guides. Harper-Collins Publishers: London, UK. ISBN 0-00-219955-6. 352 pp.;TermCat, The Center for Terminology.
 English-United States: Common Razor Shell sources: Charles Hussey
 French: couteau-sabre; couteau-silique sources: TermCat, The Center for Terminology.
 Galician: navalla
 Greek: Στραβοσωλήνας sources: PESI (A Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure) focal points
 Spanish, Castillian: muergo sources: TermCat, The Center for Terminology.
 Swedish: knivmussla


basis of record

Cosel R. von, 2009. The razor shells of the eastern Atlantic, part 2. Pharidae II: the genus Ensis Schumacher, 1817 (Bivalvia, Solenoidea). Basteria, 73: 9-56





External Links

GenBank (14 nucleotides; 4 proteins)
Barcode of Life
Biodiversity Heritage Library (76 publications)


von Cosel, R.; Gofas, S. (2014). Ensis ensis (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species, accessed through PESI at http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140733




 Present  Absent  Doubtful  Native  Introduced  Naturalised  Invasive  Managed  No data




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Last modified

2009-09-05 by Rudo von Cosel

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